Baby Developmental Milestones: 1 Month Old

By the time your infant is 1 month old, as a parent, you will have become accustomed to the baby, and parents and baby are attuned to each other. Now beginning to interpret your infant’s cry, you are learning that your baby can be comforted in a variety of ways, such as through touch, a voice, or a smile. You know when to pick your baby up and when to feel confident that the crying will soon stop. You enjoy feeling close to your baby and are comfortable talking to your bay and holding, cuddling, and rocking him or her.

Your baby responds to your overtures. He or she fixes on a face or an object, following it with his or her eyes, and your baby responds to your voices. He or she shows some ability to console himself or herself, possibly by putting his or her fingers or hands in his or her mouth. Attentive parents learn to recognize the early indicators of your infant’s individual temperament. You know how to avoid over stimulating your baby and how to calm your baby down. You also understand that infants vary in their need for feeding, in terms of frequency and amount.

Physically, your baby displays good muscle tone, deep tendon reflexes, and primitive reflexes. His or her weight, length, and head circumference continue to increase along his or her expected growth curve. Frequency and consistency of stools vary, and many healthy babies strain and turn red when having a bowel movement. Constipation is signaled by a hard stool. Exclusively breastfed babies may have a variety of stool patterns.

Some babies develop the classic symptoms of colic, including pulling their legs into their abdomen. It is more common, however, for babies just to have a fussy period at the end of the day, when they cry to “sort themselves out.” In spite of your new responsibilities and periods of increased stress, you typically have gained enough self assurance in the first month to be able to enjoy your baby. Intermittent periods of anxiety, depression, and feelings of inadequacy are normal.

It will help if each parent spends time alone away from the baby, and if the parents spend time together as well as with relatives or other important supportive figures. Parents with other children should give individual attention to each sibling. It is important that parents know to seek medical help if your baby does not “look right,” has a fever or diarrhea, refuses to feed, vomits excessively, sleeps too much, or is irritable. In addition, parents should know basic rules of injury prevention, such as using an infant safety seat in the car, keeping one hand on the baby when your baby is on a high surface, and never leaving your baby alone with young children or with pets.

Developmental Milestones For 1 Month Baby

  • Responds to sound by blinking, crying, quieting, changing respiration, or showing a startle response
  • Fixates on human face and follows with eyes
  • Responds to parent’s face and voice
  • Lifts head momentarily when in prone position
  • Has flexed posture
  • Moves all extremities
  • Can sleep for 3 or 4 hours at a time; can stay awake for 1 hour or longer
  • When crying, can be consoled most of the time by being spoken to or held

Development varies from child to child, so know that milestones are guidelines only. Trust your sense of how your 1 Month Old baby is doing. If you are worried, see your child’s healthcare provider and have them do a developmental screening.

First Shot

Vaccination is one of the most important tools available for preventing disease, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Vaccinations not only protect children from developing a potentially serious disease but also protect the community by reducing the spread of infectious disease.

Most children get all their shots during childhood. Parents need to make sure their children are protected against some of the diseases of childhood before the child reaches 2 years of age.

Parents should consult their doctors about which vaccines their children should have and when. Keep track of your children’s immunizations yourself. You will be asked for these records when the child enrolls in school and throughout the child’s school career.

Watching your baby receive his or her first shot may be more painful for you than it is for your baby. You can ease your anxiety and make your baby more comfortable during his or her shots by holding your baby. If you are breastfeeding, nursing your baby during any uncomfortable procedure will also help both of you get through it more easily.

At your baby’s 2-month checkup at your pediatrician’s office, your baby will receive his or her first full set of vaccines against multiple childhood diseases, including polio, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, H. influenza, hepatitis B, pneumococcal disease and, most recently, an oral vaccine for Rotavirus, a major cause of diarrhea and dehydration in young children.

With two types of vaccine against rotavirus (stomach flu) now available for infants, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has issued recommendations that allow for more flexibility in dosing. The Rotarix vaccine, introduced in 2008, is active against a single strain of the virus and is given in two doses, ideally at 2 and 4 months. Now, under the CDC’s new guidelines, the first dose may be given up to the age of almost 15 weeks (previously 12 weeks) and the second up to eight months (previously 32 weeks). The RotaTeq vaccine, which is active against five strains of the virus, still requires three doses, given at 2, 4, and 6 months. Ask your pediatrician for more details about the two vaccines.

This checkup usually involves three shots given in the thigh, which is a baby’s biggest muscle. While most babies show no side effects, these vaccines can cause a little fussiness or a slight fever later in the day or evening. Your baby will receive more doses of vaccines at 4, 6, 12, 15, and 18 months, with another set of booster shots between his 4- and 6-year-old birthdays. Keep a record of your baby’s vaccinations to be sure that none are missed. Outbreaks of measles and pertussis (also known as whooping cough) and other dangerous diseases still occur.

Get your baby’s pediatrician’s help if you need

When you take your baby to visit the pediatrician, he or she wants to know how you are feeling, too. Your emotional health is the foundation to much of your baby’s health and development, and pediatricians who know you and your family are in the position to provide support.

A recent study highlighted the importance of pediatricians in helping mothers recognize and find treatment for their own parenting stress and depression. In the study, seven focus groups of mothers from a wide range of backgrounds all had symptoms of depression or maternal stress. Among mothers with a positive, ongoing relationship with their baby’s doctor who believed their pediatrician knew them well, symptoms of depression and stress were greatly reduced.

Carrying Your Baby

Young babies that are carried around in a sling or worn in a carrier for a couple of hours every day spend less time crying than other babies.

While some babies need to cry for several hours during the day, 2 hours a day is average for 2-month-olds. Crying usually subsides to 45 minutes a day after 2 months and then spikes again at 9 months. However, there is a wide range of normal in crying, just as in other aspects of infant development. Just as some babies sleep more, others cry more. What was once called “colic” is now considered within the normal range of crying. Still, even a normal amount of crying can be stressful for parents. Seek support if you find it more than you can bear, and be sure that friends and family give you frequent breaks during your baby’s crying spells. And if your baby’s crying worries you and seems excessive, don’t hesitate to call your pediatrician to rule out any medical causes.

Vaccinating to protect our children and our future

Parents need to make sure to vaccinate your child to protect him or her from diseases. If we keep vaccinating now, parents in the future may be able to trust that diseases like polio and meningitis won’t infect, cripple, or kill children. Vaccinations are one of the best ways to put an end to the serious effects of certain diseases.

Prepare your baby’s first short well, both of you are going to be OK.

Developmental Milestones and Positive Parenting

We should not only measure children’s growth by their height and weight, but also need to use age-based developmental milestones in evaluating how they play, learn, speak and act. A delay in any of these areas could be a sign of a developmental problem. The earlier it’s recognized the more parents can do to help children reach their full potential.

Positive parenting for 0- to 1-year-old

Child safety first

It is parents’ responsibility to ensure a safe environment for the baby. Here are a few tips to keep the baby safe during his or her first year of life.

  • Never shake the newborn baby because of his or her weak neck muscles, which are not yet able to support his or her heads. Shaking can damage his or her brain.
  • Always put the baby to sleep on his or her back, to prevent SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), due to breathing problems.
  • Use a baby car safety seat every time he or she rides in the car.
  • Cut his or her food into small bites, to prevent the baby from choking.
  • Don’t allow the baby to play with anything that may cover his or her face or is easy for him or her to swallow.
  • Protect the baby by giving him or her proper immunizations, because he or she is susceptible to many potentially serious diseases.

Tips

  • Cuddling and holding the baby, let him or he feel secured.
  • Talk to, read to, sing to and play music to the baby, to prepare this or her language skill.
  • Praise the baby to help him or her build self-confidence.

Parenting can be hard work! Parents need to take care of ourselves physically, mentally, and emotionally in order to nurture babies with loving and good care.

Important milestones for 1-year-old

Because every baby develops at his or her own pace, it’s difficult to tell exactly when he or she will learn a given skill. The developmental milestones listed below give a guideline. If the baby develops slightly different, parents should not get too worry, however, need to notice it.

Movement

  • Reach sitting position without assistance
  • Crawl on hands and knees
  • Get from sitting to crawling
  • Pull self up to stand
  • Stand momentarily without support
  • Walk by holding on to a support
  • May walk two or three steps without support

Hand and finger skills

  • Use pincer grasp
  • Put objects into a box
  • Take objects out of a box
  • Push with index finger
  • Imitate scribbling 

Social and emotional

  • Prefer parents over all others
  • Cry when a parent leaves
  • May feel fearful in some situations
  • Feel shy or anxious with strangers
  • Show specific preference for some toys
  • Repeat sounds or gestures for attention
  • Enjoy imitating people in playing
  • Extend arm or leg to help when being dressed

Cognitive
(The learning process of memory, language, thinking and reasoning)

  • Play with objects in different ways, shaking, throwing, dropping etc.
  • Find hidden objects easily
  • Look at correct objects when the name is pronounced
  • Begin to use objects correctly, drinking from cup, brushing hair using brush, dialing phone using phone keypad etc.

Language
(Including listening, understanding, and knowing the names of people and things)

  • Pay increasing attention to speech
  • Respond to simple verbal requests using “yes” or “no”
  • Use simple gestures, such as shaking head for “no”
  • Say “dada” and “mama”
  • Imitate words