Baby Developmental Milestones: 1 Month Old

By the time your infant is 1 month old, as a parent, you will have become accustomed to the baby, and parents and baby are attuned to each other. Now beginning to interpret your infant’s cry, you are learning that your baby can be comforted in a variety of ways, such as through touch, a voice, or a smile. You know when to pick your baby up and when to feel confident that the crying will soon stop. You enjoy feeling close to your baby and are comfortable talking to your bay and holding, cuddling, and rocking him or her.

Your baby responds to your overtures. He or she fixes on a face or an object, following it with his or her eyes, and your baby responds to your voices. He or she shows some ability to console himself or herself, possibly by putting his or her fingers or hands in his or her mouth. Attentive parents learn to recognize the early indicators of your infant’s individual temperament. You know how to avoid over stimulating your baby and how to calm your baby down. You also understand that infants vary in their need for feeding, in terms of frequency and amount.

Physically, your baby displays good muscle tone, deep tendon reflexes, and primitive reflexes. His or her weight, length, and head circumference continue to increase along his or her expected growth curve. Frequency and consistency of stools vary, and many healthy babies strain and turn red when having a bowel movement. Constipation is signaled by a hard stool. Exclusively breastfed babies may have a variety of stool patterns.

Some babies develop the classic symptoms of colic, including pulling their legs into their abdomen. It is more common, however, for babies just to have a fussy period at the end of the day, when they cry to “sort themselves out.” In spite of your new responsibilities and periods of increased stress, you typically have gained enough self assurance in the first month to be able to enjoy your baby. Intermittent periods of anxiety, depression, and feelings of inadequacy are normal.

It will help if each parent spends time alone away from the baby, and if the parents spend time together as well as with relatives or other important supportive figures. Parents with other children should give individual attention to each sibling. It is important that parents know to seek medical help if your baby does not “look right,” has a fever or diarrhea, refuses to feed, vomits excessively, sleeps too much, or is irritable. In addition, parents should know basic rules of injury prevention, such as using an infant safety seat in the car, keeping one hand on the baby when your baby is on a high surface, and never leaving your baby alone with young children or with pets.

Developmental Milestones For 1 Month Baby

  • Responds to sound by blinking, crying, quieting, changing respiration, or showing a startle response
  • Fixates on human face and follows with eyes
  • Responds to parent’s face and voice
  • Lifts head momentarily when in prone position
  • Has flexed posture
  • Moves all extremities
  • Can sleep for 3 or 4 hours at a time; can stay awake for 1 hour or longer
  • When crying, can be consoled most of the time by being spoken to or held

Development varies from child to child, so know that milestones are guidelines only. Trust your sense of how your 1 Month Old baby is doing. If you are worried, see your child’s healthcare provider and have them do a developmental screening.

Child Development

The early years of a child’s life are crucial for physical, cognitive, emotional and social development. Therefore, it is very important that we take every step necessary to ensure that children grow up in environments where their physical, emotional, social, and educational needs are met.

Children grow, develop, and learn throughout their lives from birth to adulthood. A child’s development can be measured through physical, cognitive and social developmental milestones. If children fail to develop properly they may be unable to reach their full potential. Children who grow up in environments where their developmental needs are not met are at a high risk for health and safety, and learning and developmental delays.

We as parents definitely need to invest time and resources on the health care, and education systems during children’s years, which have effects on their whole life. Therefore, it is in the public’s interest especially, parents’ to ensure that children develop in safe, loving, and secure environments.

What is child development? How can parents prevent developmental delays? What are important developmental milestones? How can parents help to improve child developmental outcomes? Let’s discuss these questions parents asked and find the answers.

Developmental Milestones and Positive Parenting

We should not only measure children’s growth by their height and weight, but also need to use age-based developmental milestones in evaluating how they play, learn, speak and act. A delay in any of these areas could be a sign of a developmental problem. The earlier it’s recognized the more parents can do to help children reach their full potential.

Positive parenting for 0- to 1-year-old

Child safety first

It is parents’ responsibility to ensure a safe environment for the baby. Here are a few tips to keep the baby safe during his or her first year of life.

  • Never shake the newborn baby because of his or her weak neck muscles, which are not yet able to support his or her heads. Shaking can damage his or her brain.
  • Always put the baby to sleep on his or her back, to prevent SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), due to breathing problems.
  • Use a baby car safety seat every time he or she rides in the car.
  • Cut his or her food into small bites, to prevent the baby from choking.
  • Don’t allow the baby to play with anything that may cover his or her face or is easy for him or her to swallow.
  • Protect the baby by giving him or her proper immunizations, because he or she is susceptible to many potentially serious diseases.

Tips

  • Cuddling and holding the baby, let him or he feel secured.
  • Talk to, read to, sing to and play music to the baby, to prepare this or her language skill.
  • Praise the baby to help him or her build self-confidence.

Parenting can be hard work! Parents need to take care of ourselves physically, mentally, and emotionally in order to nurture babies with loving and good care.

Important milestones for 1-year-old

Because every baby develops at his or her own pace, it’s difficult to tell exactly when he or she will learn a given skill. The developmental milestones listed below give a guideline. If the baby develops slightly different, parents should not get too worry, however, need to notice it.

Movement

  • Reach sitting position without assistance
  • Crawl on hands and knees
  • Get from sitting to crawling
  • Pull self up to stand
  • Stand momentarily without support
  • Walk by holding on to a support
  • May walk two or three steps without support

Hand and finger skills

  • Use pincer grasp
  • Put objects into a box
  • Take objects out of a box
  • Push with index finger
  • Imitate scribbling 

Social and emotional

  • Prefer parents over all others
  • Cry when a parent leaves
  • May feel fearful in some situations
  • Feel shy or anxious with strangers
  • Show specific preference for some toys
  • Repeat sounds or gestures for attention
  • Enjoy imitating people in playing
  • Extend arm or leg to help when being dressed

Cognitive
(The learning process of memory, language, thinking and reasoning)

  • Play with objects in different ways, shaking, throwing, dropping etc.
  • Find hidden objects easily
  • Look at correct objects when the name is pronounced
  • Begin to use objects correctly, drinking from cup, brushing hair using brush, dialing phone using phone keypad etc.

Language
(Including listening, understanding, and knowing the names of people and things)

  • Pay increasing attention to speech
  • Respond to simple verbal requests using “yes” or “no”
  • Use simple gestures, such as shaking head for “no”
  • Say “dada” and “mama”
  • Imitate words