Children at this age are easy to be affected by smoking, drinking and drugs etc. due to their unstable mood. Here are some safety tips.
- Car safety, teach the teenager about the importance of wearing seatbelts.
- Ask teenager to wear a helmet when riding a bike and be careful of traffic.
- Talk and discuss with the teenager about the danger of smoking, drinking and drugs.
- Teach the teenager how to handle unsafe situations, such as emergencies, fire, drugs, etc.
- Whenever the teenager goes outside alone, parents need to know how to contact to him.
- Talk to the teenager about school life often.
- Encourage the teenager to make friends with the children who behave well and love to learn.
- Meet the teenager’s friends.
- Teach the teenager about good nutrition to meet his rapid growing, while avoid eating disordering.
- Encourage the teenager to get physical exercise, which help him to be healthy physically and in positive mood.
- Respect the teenager’s opinion and understand his thoughts and feelings.
- Allow the teenager to argue with parents, however, when he is not calm, remind him to calm down, guide him to a good self-control.
- Guide the teenager to make his own decisions properly.
- Respect the teenager’s need for privacy.
We should not only measure children’s growth by their height and weight, but also need to use age-based developmental milestones in evaluating how they play, learn, speak and act. A delay in any of these areas could be a sign of a developmental problem. The earlier it’s recognized the more parents can do to help children reach their full potential.
Positive parenting for 0- to 1-year-old
Child safety first
It is parents’ responsibility to ensure a safe environment for the baby. Here are a few tips to keep the baby safe during his or her first year of life.
- Never shake the newborn baby because of his or her weak neck muscles, which are not yet able to support his or her heads. Shaking can damage his or her brain.
- Always put the baby to sleep on his or her back, to prevent SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), due to breathing problems.
- Use a baby car safety seat every time he or she rides in the car.
- Cut his or her food into small bites, to prevent the baby from choking.
- Don’t allow the baby to play with anything that may cover his or her face or is easy for him or her to swallow.
- Protect the baby by giving him or her proper immunizations, because he or she is susceptible to many potentially serious diseases.
- Cuddling and holding the baby, let him or he feel secured.
- Talk to, read to, sing to and play music to the baby, to prepare this or her language skill.
- Praise the baby to help him or her build self-confidence.
Parenting can be hard work! Parents need to take care of ourselves physically, mentally, and emotionally in order to nurture babies with loving and good care.
Important milestones for 1-year-old
Because every baby develops at his or her own pace, it’s difficult to tell exactly when he or she will learn a given skill. The developmental milestones listed below give a guideline. If the baby develops slightly different, parents should not get too worry, however, need to notice it.
- Reach sitting position without assistance
- Crawl on hands and knees
- Get from sitting to crawling
- Pull self up to stand
- Stand momentarily without support
- Walk by holding on to a support
- May walk two or three steps without support
Hand and finger skills
- Use pincer grasp
- Put objects into a box
- Take objects out of a box
- Push with index finger
- Imitate scribbling
Social and emotional
- Prefer parents over all others
- Cry when a parent leaves
- May feel fearful in some situations
- Feel shy or anxious with strangers
- Show specific preference for some toys
- Repeat sounds or gestures for attention
- Enjoy imitating people in playing
- Extend arm or leg to help when being dressed
(The learning process of memory, language, thinking and reasoning)
- Play with objects in different ways, shaking, throwing, dropping etc.
- Find hidden objects easily
- Look at correct objects when the name is pronounced
- Begin to use objects correctly, drinking from cup, brushing hair using brush, dialing phone using phone keypad etc.
(Including listening, understanding, and knowing the names of people and things)
- Pay increasing attention to speech
- Respond to simple verbal requests using “yes” or “no”
- Use simple gestures, such as shaking head for “no”
- Say “dada” and “mama”
- Imitate words
Child Safety First
As the child is becoming more mobile, more dangers he or she could encounter. Here are some suggestions to help keep growing toddler safe.
- Lock doors to dangerous places such as the garage, basement
- Place plug covers on all unused electrical outlets
- Keep kitchen appliances, such as irons, and heaters from the reach of the child
- Keep sharp objects such as knives, scissors in a safe place
- Lock up medicines, household cleaners and other chemicals
- Never leave the child alone in the car
- Remind the child not to put pencils or crayons in his or her mouth
- Keep the child away from water, such as bathtubs, pools, ponds, lakes, and the ocean, without someone watching him or her
- Read to the child daily as a routine
- Ask the child to find objects for you
- Play matching games together
- Talk with the child to help to develop his or her language
- Help the child to explore the surroundings
- Encourage the child to tell his or her name and age
- Teach the child simple songs