Understanding Children’s Learning Stages

Children’s intellectual development, which is related to major developments in brain growth, has different stages. As we know that the human brain is not fully developed until late adolescence or even sometimes in early adulthood in the case of males. Parents usually expect teens to think like adults, which is not right. Because the teens are not yet capable of doing so, although some of the teens are taller than their parents. It is important that parents understand children’s learning stages and know what a realistic expectation on their children at a given age is so that parents can help the children better to be successful learners.

From birth, parents are delight with their child’s developmental progress and milestones such as crawling, sitting, standing, walking, talking, drawing and reading etc. In order to serve a child best, to help early enough to maximize the child’s ability, parents should understand a child’s learning stage.

  • For preschoolers, parents should observe whether the child starts speaking on schedule, learns the alphabet and numbers, colors and shapes, days of the week, etc. The child should be able to focus a little while, think about something without the object being present by using language, follow instructions well, and play with peers.
  • For kindergartners and elementary school students, observe the child’s capability in holding a pencil or pen correctly, sounding and writing letters, writing numbers and arithmetic signs well, telling time, remembering facts, following instructions, and being aware of his or her physical surroundings and being reasonably coordinated. However, a child at this stage still has a tendency to focus attention on one aspect of an object while ignoring others. During this stage the child is trying to use what he or she has learned to begin solving problems.
  • For middle school students, observe the child’s capacity to memorize, be conscientious about homework, make friends, be able to be organized, logical thought, and the ability to perform multiple tasks. The child at this stage is capable of concrete problem-solving and moves toward a generalized level.
  • For high school students, assess how the child responds to open-ended questions, handles abstract concepts using the principles of formal logic, works within time limits, focuses when needed, adapts to changes, and builds and maintains personal relationships with friends. At this stage the child will have no longer restricts thinking to time and space, starts to reflect, hypothesize, and theorize, and actually thinks about thinking. In addition, children need to develop cognitive abilities, which are mental abilities such as memory, comprehension, reasoning, and judgment.

Children learn at a different pace and in different ways. Many factors affect learning, examples are motivation, emotion, peer relationships, teachers, parents and social and cultural norms.

3 thoughts on “Understanding Children’s Learning Stages

  1. 做为家长能了解孩子的学习阶段很好,这对于教育和辅导孩子的学习非常重要.

    [english]
    In order to guide children learning, for parents to understand children’s learning stage is very important.
    [/english]
    [japanese]
    子供を正しく指導するために、親は子供たちの学習段階を理解するのは非常に重要です。
    [/japanese]

  2. 家长作为孩子的第一任老师,一定要紧紧抓住孩子的不同学习阶段,不适时机的给孩子灌输各种不同类型的知识.幼儿时要娱教娱乐,培养好的学精神,以学习为乐趣,初步养成好的学习习惯;小学时,要鼓励孩子,寻找班级或年级中最好的同学,同他们交朋友,自己应该名列前矛;中学是为即将上大学作准备,这一段很关键,不能让孩子放任自流,家长要和老师紧密结合,帮孩子考个好大学!

    [english]
    Parents as their children’s first teachers, we must firmly consider the children’s different learning stages, teach their children all the different types of knowledge. For preschoolers, to play while learning, nurture the children good spirit of learning, love to learn, develop good study habits initially; for primary school students, to encourage the children to find the students with best grades, and make friends with them, and the child himself or herself should become a top student; for middle school and high school students, to prepare to go to college, which is a key stage, we should not let the child do something, which does not make sense, just because he or she wants to do, parents and teachers should work closely in order to help the child go to a good college!
    [/english]
    [japanese]
    親として、私たちは子供の最初の先生です。子供のさまざまな学習の段階では、子供たちにいろいろな知識を教えべきです。小さい子には、勉強の楽しさを教え、勉強への良い精神を育つ、初期の良い学習の習慣を身に付けさせます;小学生には、成績がいい学生 を見つけ、友達になって、自分も良い成績を取るのを教えます。中学生と高校生には、大学に入る準備段階に入りますので、非常に重要な時期です。好きにやり放題はだめです。保護者と先生は一緒に子供が良い大学に入れるために子供を支えます!
    [/japanese]

  3. Keep up the amazing work!! I love how you wrote this and I also like the colors here on this site. Very good opinions expressed here :)

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