AP English Books

AP English can stand for two distinct Advanced Placement Programs provided by the College Board, AP English Language and Composition and AP English Literature and Composition.

AP English Language and Composition

Advanced Placement English Language and Composition, or called AP English Language and Composition, AP Lang and Comp, AP English III, AP Lang, is a course and examination offered by the College Board as part of the Advanced Placement Program.

It is a course in the study of rhetoric taken in your junior year in high school and often followed by the AP English Literature and Composition course. It has been suggested by the College Board that it would be more prudent to have students take AP English Literature and Composition their junior year as they have been analyzing literature their entire academic careers. AP English Language is better suited for seniors as it prepares you to write on nonliterary topics. In addition, this makes it a more suitable preparation for your transition into college, in contrast to AP English Literature which continues to focus on literature and poetry.

The AP English Language and Composition exam

The AP English Language and Composition exam consists of two sections, a one-hour multiple-choice section, and a two-hour and fifteen-minute free-response section.

Section I: Multiple-Choice
The multiple-choice section of the AP test is approximately 55 questions, with the exact number of questions varying with each test administration. There are typically 5 passages divided between Pre-20th Century non-fiction prose, and 20th and 21st Century non-fiction prose. The questions typically focus on identifying rhetorical devices and structures from the passage, as well as their general function, purpose in a passage, and/or the relationships between them. Beginning in 2007, questions were added that ask about citation information included in the passages. These citation questions are not designed to test knowledge about MLA, APA, Chicago Style, or any other particular citation format, but instead focus on how the citations reference and enhance information from the passage. Students have exactly 60 minutes to answer all 55 questions.

Section 2: Free-Response Reading Portion
The Free-Response section of the AP test consists of three prompts, each of a different type: passage analysis, argument, and synthesis. Beginning in 2007, with the addition of the synthesis prompt, College Board decided that an additional fifteen minutes should be added to the exam time to allow students to read and annotate the three prompts as well as the passages and sources provided. Students may write notes in the prompt booklet about the material during that 15 minutes, but may not write in the essay booklets during this time. As the prompt booklets are not collected, any writing in the prompt booklet does not count when scoring the essays.

The analysis prompt typically asks students to read a short (less than 1 page) passage, which may be from any point in time, as long as it was originally written in modern English. After reading the passage, students are asked to write an essay in which they analyze and discuss various techniques the author uses in the passage. The techniques differ from prompt to prompt, but may ask about strategies, argumentative techniques, motivations, or other rhetorical elements of the passage, and how such techniques effectively contribute to the overall purpose of the passage. The prompt may mention specific techniques or purposes, but some leeway of discussion is left to the student. The essay is scored on the 1-9 scale.

The argument prompt typically gives a position in the form of an assertion from a documented source. Students are asked to consider the assertion, and then form an argument that defends, challenges, or qualifies the assertion using supporting evidence from their own knowledge or reading. The essay is scored on the 1-9 scale.

The synthesis prompt typically requires students to consider a scenario, then formulate a response to a specific element of the scenario using at least three of the accompanying sources for support. While a total of six or seven sources accompany the prompt, using information from all of the sources is not necessary (or perhaps desirable). The source material used must be cited in the essay in order to be considered legitimate. The essay is scored on the 1-9 scale.

AP English Language and Composition Test Scoring

The multiple-choice section is scored by computer. Formerly, the test was scored by awarding 1 point for correct answers, while taking off a 1/4 point for incorrect answers. No points were taken away for blank answers. However the College Board has announced that they will discontinue the policy for all AP Exams starting in 2011, where they will only award 1 point for each correct answer (no 1/4 point deductions).

The free-response section is scored individually by hundreds of educators each June. Each essay is read by at least two readers and assigned a score from 1-9, 9 being the best score possible. Scoring is holistic, meaning that specific elements of the essay are not judged, rather each essay is scored in its entirety.

The scores from the three essays are added and integrated with the adjusted multiple-choice score (using the appropriate percentages of each section) to generate a composite score. The composite is then converted into an AP score of 1-5 using a scale for that year’s exam.

AP English Literature and Composition

Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition, or called AP English Literature and Composition, AP Lit and Comp, Senior AP English, AP Lit, AP English IV, is a course and examination offered by the College Board as part of the Advanced Placement Program.

This AP course is designated for motivated students with a command of standard English, an interest in exploring and analyzing challenging classical and contemporary literature, and a desire to analyze and interpret dominant literary genres and themes. The AP English Literature Course is often offered to high school seniors and the other AP English course, AP English Language and Composition, to juniors. The College Board, though, restricts neither course to any grade level. Students learn and apply methods of literary analysis and write with a variety of purposes to increase precision in expression. Students in AP English Literature and Composition typically sit for the national AP examination administered each May for the College Board by the Educational Testing Service. The College Board publishes changing information about all AP courses and examinations on its web site.

On one of the three essays students write as part of the examination, students choose a work of literature they will write about. Readers of the exam who get an essay on a work they have not read typically pass the essay to a reader who has. The scoring system also prevents an essay that deals with a non-existent work from succeeding. The scoring guides that readers use to rate the essays are developed by experienced readers on site just before the reading begins each June, using some of the actual exam essays. Since those scoring guides do not exist before the Reading, instructors cannot teach to them but focus instead on encouraging text-based analysis.

The course is designed to be challenging and “arduous,” however many students go on to perform well in college English courses as a result of the experience with the high school AP English class.

Recommended Read Novels and Major Literary Works

The College Board publishes a recommended reading list, while emphasizing that it “does not mandate any particular authors or reading list.” The reading list contains four major categories:
 Poetry, ranging from the 16th century (William Shakespeare) to living poets (Seamus Heaney);
 Drama, ranging from Greek tragedies (Aeschylus) to post-modern absurdists (Tom Stoppard);
 Fiction – novels and short stories, from the 18th century comedies of manner of Jane Austen to the famous “Lost Generation” of F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway;
 Expository prose (essays), including Ralph Waldo Emerson and George Orwell.

Preparing AP exam is different with the study in AP English class. Most of students need help from a test prep book, which is written to help them achieve a high score in AP English exams. We have done the research and found out the following tow books are the best books for preparing AP English Exams.

Best AP English Language and Composition Book

Cliffs AP English Language and Composition

This book offers students very useful test-taking strategies, focused reviews of question types, and 6 full-length practice exams with sample responses. The review in this book is the most concise, straightforward while effective one and the practice questions in this book are extremely similar to the real test, and the explanations are detail and well understood. The essay samples are also really well evaluated, and the book offers a glossary on literary terms that students have to know for the test. The book is good for quick preparation and long-term practice. This is definitely the book to get!
Many instructors for preparing AP English exam class use this book with their students for years, because this book offers very practical advice and real examples. Many students who have used this book and got excellent scores strongly recommend CiffsAP for English Language and Composition!

Best AP English Literature and Composition Book

Barron’s AP English Literature and Composition

This AP English Literature prep book includes five full-length practice AP exams with all questions answered and clearly explained. To help students prepare for multiple-choice questions, the book also offers many sample questions on poetry and prose fiction, along with commonsense tactics for choosing correct answers. In addition, separate chapters review what test takers need to know about poetry, fiction, and drama in order to earn high scores on both the short-answer and essay portions of the exam. Sample student essays are also presented with critiques of their strengths and weaknesses.

Students preparing for the AP English literature exam find an essential learning tool in the book’s comprehensive glossary with its hundreds of literary and rhetorical terms.

Barron’s AP English literature has an overview of the AP exam, five full-length practice exams with all questions answered and explained and comprehensive glossary of literary and rhetorical terms. The AP English test-taking advice in this book covers multiple-choice questions and the essay questions.

This AP English literature prep book received the most five star reviews on Amazon.

Grab the two AP English prep books and achieve your best AP score!

Swing Sets For Kids

Swing sets for kids are a great and fun outdoor addition to your family’s backyard. In the modern world, kids spend too much time in front of screen where childhood obesity is a common problem. It is so important to encourage our kids to get outside and play. There are so many different types of swing sets to choose from, do your research before purchasing the right one for your kids.

Types of Swing sets

Swing sets can be categorized into three groups: plastic, metal and wooden. Plastic Swing sets are usually small and for babies or toddlers. They are a good choice for young children as they tend to be designed to very high safety standards. Quality metal swing sets are made from galvanized or powder coat painted steel tubing for durability, making them rust resistant and strong. Wooden swing sets for kids are typically the most sturdy of the three and can be more versatile, allowing for more accessories to be added as well as construction variation. Which swing set that you choose will ultimately depend on your child’s age, the dimensions of the site that the swing will be erected upon, the degree of portability that you require and of course, your budget.

Size and Life Span

The size of your yard is obviously a major factor you need to consider when choosing your new swing sets for kids. If you have limited space then a larger wooden set may be out of the choice. In addition, If you are just looking for a swing set to occupy your child during their early childhood years then there is probably not much point in spending loads of money on an expensive wooden swing set. On the other hand, if you want play equipment that will grow with your child into their early teens then spending a little more from the outset.


Wooden swing sets for kids that have other play equipment features such as slides, ladders, climbing walls, and forts, tend to be larger in overall size compared to plastic and metal swing sets and also more expensive. A well built metal swing set is often a cheaper option but with fewer extras, kids tend to out-grow a metal set much faster that a more expensive wooden option. Similarly, a plastic set, although cheaper, will have a limited life-span due to the child out-growing it.

Top Selling Swing Sets

After we have done the research, we found out the following ones are the popular swing sets for kids.

Alpine Custom Ready-to-Build Swing Set Kit

It received the most five star reviews on Amazon.

Swing-N-Slide Alpine Custom Diy Wooden Playset includes: brackets, two swing seats, canopy, pair of safety handles, two pairs of swing hangers, screws and Torx bit Illustrated plans and DVD Build and play in one day optional giant cool wave slide, turbo tube slide, steering wheel, ring and trapeze combo, periscope, shooting star disc swing, discovery mountain, anchor it playground anchor set, swing hanger, and pair of safety handles are available at an additional cost. Lumber, swing, slide, and other accessories not included.

Little Tikes Mga Cozy Swing

Best price around, it is a wonderful Choice! You can check those wonderful reviews on Amazon.

Little Tikes 2-in-1 Snug ‘n Secure Swing Blue

It Works great for Infant to Toddler.

Choose your swing sets for kids wisely, then the swing sets should give your kids many years of happy use. Happy shopping!

Potty Training Pants

Potty Training Tips

In order to help your toddlers to use the potty well, here are a few potty training tips for your reference. Please be aware that each child is different from the others and will not allow himself/herself trained in the same way as others.

There are potty training books and equipment that you can use to help your daughter’s potty training. You can read potty training books, and making the process more fun preparing your child for trying to go potty. Another of the useful potty training tips is to show your child how it is done, namely show her how to flush the toilet, how to wipe and how to wash up. Also, show your child his/her potty chair. Mothers and older siblings can be good models in potty training.

One more important potty training tip is that you will find refer to the practice itself. Make using the potty a habit in your child’s life. Take your child to visit the bathroom once or twice in the beginning and then increase the number of visits. Make sure you make the visits to the toilet at about the times your child is most likely to pee-pee or poo-poo.

Even if your child does not pee or poop every time he/she is taken to the toilet, the time is not wasted. On the contrary, your child will get accustomed to flushing, wiping and washing up.

Best Potty Training Pants: Gerber Training Pants

Potty training pants are necessary and great help in the process of potty training. We have done the research and found out that ” Gerber Three Pack Training Pants” have received the most 5-star reviews in Amazon. Actually, my daughter also used the same training pants as well. We highly recommend it!

The Gerber three pack training pants will make your toddler feel like a big kid while keeping baby’s clothes dry. The center and side panels are made of 100% combed cotton and the interlining is made of 50% cotton and 50% polyester white batting. Expanded leg opens for ease of pulling up and down and has an elastic waistband for a perfect fit. Available in adorable prints and solids.

Perfect Training Pants!

These pants will be great for potty training and beyond, as they look just like little underpants. Very cute and functional.

They are super soft, sort of a boy-short cut, and have great, light padding at the crotch. Boy and girl styles are the same style, other than the fabric choices, so feel free to order any color/fabric. Padding area is the same for all.

Must have for a training Toddler!

When my daughter at the time potty training, I ordered 3 packages of these toddler training pants. They are simply the best there is for a toddler. They are so soft and come in super cute colors for my girl. The middle is padded a bit and are super comfy for her to wear. The nice part is if she has an accident, then the padding absorbs and lets her know, so she stops, tells me and then can finish on the toilet. The price is so great! I couldn’t find them in any local store, only on Amazon. Don’t waste your money on Regular underwear at the store for a 1st pair of panties, go with these, you’ll love them as much as your toddler does!

Buy it at the most trusted online shopping website, Amazon.com.